Infringement of Environmental and Health Rights
Muğla holds historical importance in the development of ecological awareness and activism.
In 1980’s, local residents, Turkey’s leading legal experts, civil society organizations and environmental activists came together and exposed the numerous damages, and in particular pollution, that could be caused by Yatağan, Yeniköy and Kemerköy coal power plants, and warned decision makers regarding the infringements of the environmental and health rights.
They took several different legal steps and when all national legal actions were exhausted, they carried the issue to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). The ECHR found the lawsuits rightful due to the health impacts, decided that the right to fair trial was violated, and held the Turkish state to pay a fine. Following that, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe called Turkey to either take appropriate environmental measures for these three power plants or close them.